I am student of Sustainable water sanitation Health and development programme started in Comsats Abbottabat Pakistan with collaboration of Norway and Nepal. I am currently in Darband near Kala Dhaka district Mansehra Paksitan, where there is a big water reservoir that covers a huge area. I am living here since the last 6 months and during this period I have observed that most of the Medical cases from Kala Dhaka And Darband are linked to water. Water of Darband is contaminated because it is open source of water and due to really a bad sanitation system. Open Defecation is one of the main source of contamination as well as animal dungs, solid waste, and black water. The sanitation system in Kala Dhaka the nearby area of Darband lacks of basic sanitation facilities.
People use to defecate in open fields and have mud houses. Open sources of Water is also very dangerous as many people are drinking water from these water sources, specially in rainy season where every thing goes to these open sources and may leads to cholera and diarrhea. It is a risk and threat to community health and lot a deaths specially children are directly linked to it. One more thing which I observed and saw with my eyes is that people specially take reservoirs with water to home for their families. These reservoirs are contaminated with all the waste whether it is solid waste, black water, animal dung, human excreta every thing!!! In my opinion there is much more need for well planned and better sanitation and water supply system and more implementing opportunities for Ecological Sanitation. Now I shared this information with you people so that you can have a better insight of the area and can suggest some useful and better approaches we can adopt in order to prevent this health risk.
Source: Muhammad Aayaz, Student MS-Sustainable, Water sanitation Health & development Comsats Abbottabdad Pakistan